By Robert Kuhn McGregor

ISBN-10: 0786494409

ISBN-13: 9780786494408

In 1947, because the integration of significant League Baseball begun, the once-daring American League had grown reactionary, unwilling to confront postwar challenges—population shifts, hard work concerns and, specifically, racial integration. The league had matured within the Jim Crow period, while northern towns answered to the nice Migration via limiting black entry to housing, transportation, lodgings and leisure, whereas blacks created their very own associations, together with baseball’s Negro Leagues.
because the political weather replaced and a few significant league groups discovered the need of integration, the yank League proved painfully reluctant. apart from the Cleveland Indians, integration was once gradual and sometimes useless. This ebook examines the mixing of baseball—widely seen as a triumph—through the reports of the yankee League and unearths just a constrained shift in racial values. The groups approved few black avid gamers and made no attempt to change administration buildings, and arranged baseball remained an establishment ruled through tradition-bound owners.

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A Calculus of Color: The Integration of Baseball’s American League by Robert Kuhn McGregor


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